Manuscript Guidelines


Please read through the following while preparing your manuscript for consideration of publication in this site. We recommend that authors follow certain guidelines that adhere to acceptable and high standards of research reporting.  We encourage authors to consider and clearly state the following in their manuscripts

  • Have a concise but informative Title that allows readers to gain an idea of the possible contents of the manuscript.
  • The Title page will include
    • The Title of the Research
    • The Full Names (First Name, Middle Name, Last Name)  Names of the Authors
    • Affiliation of the Authors
    • Institution where the study was conducted
    • Acknowledgement of any grant or financial support for the study
  • You may use an unstructured or structured abstract. Abstracts are generally limited to 300 words. A structured abstract will have the following headers: Aim, Study Design, Material and Methods, Statistical Tests, Results and Conclusion. An unstructured abstract may not have specific headers but should cover the aims, study designs, material and methods including statistical tests, results and conclusion.
  • Provide up to 5 Key Words for your research.
  • Write a brief Introduction that informs readers on
    • The Hypothesis or Research Question
    • A Brief Context or background for the study- What is already known
    • The rationale for doing this study-How does this study add value to existing literature
  • Describe the Material and methods used to answer your research question. These will include the study design, study location, study duration, criteria used to select or exclude participants in the study, description of processes, description of end points and measures and definitions used in the study, and statistical tests used. The methods will also describe processes for informed consent and adherence to the Tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. The methods will also inform about approval from an Institutional Review/Ethics Board. Please be specific and provide enough information that will allow other researchers to replicate and validate your research.
  • Describe your results. Results may be presented as text, Tables and Figures. Do not duplicate matter in tables or figures as text. Tables and Figures are self contained.
  • Discuss and Interpret your results. Compare your results with existing knowledge and explain why your results are similar or dissimilar. Provide information on the strengths and limitations of your study (including design, methods) and explain how they may influence the interpretation of your results. Provide recommendations for further research and application of the research. Do not provide speculative or vague statements. The discussion should flow from the results that are presented.
  • Provide a lay summary of your research for the general public
  • Provide an explanation of scientific or niche terms that will help a general reader understand your research better
  • Acknowledge those who have helped you with the study in meaningful ways. Limit acknowledgements to those who have helped with the study but do not qualify for authorship.  Guidelines for naming authors can be viewed here
  • Disclose any financial interests, conflicts of interest or competing interests
  • Cite references using the Vancouver Style of referencing.
  • Carefully consider patient privacy and confidentiality. Mask all data (in text, tables or figures) that may affect the confidentiality of any subject.

It is recommended that authors reporting on Observational Studies read through and adhere to the STROBE checklists for the reporting of observational studies. 

Authors reporting on clinical trials have to provide evidence of registering their trials in an appropriate clinical trial registry. It is recommended that authors of clinical trials read through and adhere to the CONSORT 2010 Guideline for the reporting of clinical trials. These Guidelines include a 25 point checklist and flow diagram and cover guidelines for the reporting of clinical trials across multiple settings.

A narrative style of reporting is accepted for case reports, case series, reviews, perspectives,commentaries, problem solving manuscripts and public education series. However, statements in manuscripts have to be backed by data or by references to other articles that provide evidence.

Prepare manuscripts using either UK or US English, double spaced, Verdana font, size 11. Manuscripts maybe submitted as MS Word, Open Office, Google Docs or PDF documents. Submit Tables as a separate document. Each Table is to be numbered in order and with a legend. Figures are to be submitted in jpeg format and are to be numbered in order and have a legend.

All manuscripts will be checked using an online plagiarism checker. We recommend that authors self check for plagiarism before submission.

Dissertations and Theses will be considered for publication after they have been accepted by the respective boards. Authors have to provide a copy of the acceptance of their dissertation or thesis by the respective boards. Dissertations and Thesis will be published as is on receipt of the letter of acceptance.

Authors are fully accountable for the integrity of their research and research reporting. The Journal provides a platform for dissemination of their research with other like minded individuals or groups. Authors have to remember that the Journal, however, does not serve to endorse any particular view and focuses on initiating polite, meaningful dialogues between similar or dissimilar views.